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Illumination Entertainment (or simply Illumination) is an American animation studio founded by Chris Meledandri in 2007. It is owned by Meledandri and Universal Pictures, a division of NBCUniversal, which is itself a division of Comcast. Meledandri produces the movies while Universal finances and distributes all the films. The studio is best known for its Despicable Me franchise, and has also produced the films The Secret Life of Pets and Sing. The Minions, characters from the Despicable Me films, are the studio's official mascots.

Illumination's highest-grossing films are Minions (2015), which has grossed $1.159 billion worldwide, Despicable Me 3 (2017), $1.033 billion, and Despicable Me 2 (2013), $970.8 million. All three are among the 50 highest-grossing films of all time, and six of the studio's films are among the 50 highest-grossing animated films of all time, with Minions being the second all-time highest.

History Edit

Meledandri left his post as President of 20th Century Fox Animation and Blue Sky Studios in early 2007, where he had supervised or executive produced films including Ice Age (2002), its sequel Ice Age: The Meltdown (2006), Robots (2005), and Horton Hears a Who! (2008). After leaving, he founded Illumination Entertainment. By 2008, a deal was announced positioning Illumination as NBCUniversal’s family entertainment arm within its feature animation group (alongside Gingo Animation) would produce one to two films a year starting in 2010. Like Gingo, Illumination retains creative control and Universal exclusively distributes the films.

To maintain the separation of Illumination and Gingo despite their now common ownership and management, Gingo founders Geo G. and Michael Wildshill "drew a hard line" that each studio was solely responsible for its own projects and would not be allowed to borrow personnel from or lend tasks out to the other. Wildshill said that he and Geo "make sure the studios are quite distinct from each other. We don’t want them to merge; that would definitely be the wrong approach. Each should have its own personality." During the summer 2011, Illumination acquired the animation department of the French animation and visual effects studio Mac Guff, which animated Despicable Me (2010) and The Lorax (2012), and formed Illumination Mac Guff.

On August 22, 2016, NBCUniversal acquired competing studio DreamWorks Animation, appointing Meledandri to oversee both studios.

Process Edit

Meledandri is determined to keep his company adhering to a low-cost model, recognizing that "strict cost controls and hit animated films are not mutually exclusive". In an industry where movie expenses often exceed $100 million, Illumination's first two releases were completed with significantly lower budgets, considering Despicable Me's $69 million budget and the $63 million budget of Hop. One way the company sustains a lean financial model is by employing cost-conscious animation techniques that lower the expenses and render times of its computer graphics.

Projects Edit

The studio's first film, 3D CGI feature, Despicable Me, starring Steve Carell, was released on July 9, 2010, and was a smash hit, earning $56 million on its opening weekend, and going on to earn $251 million domestically and $543 million worldwide. Illumination's second film was the live action/CGI hybrid Hop (2011), starring Russell Brand and James Marsden. The film opened to a much bigger than expected $37 million opening, and ended up with $108 million domestically and $183 million worldwide. In 2012, an adaptation of Dr. Seuss' The Lorax, debuted on March 2 earning $70 million on its opening weekend, and eventually found its way to $214 million stateside and $348 million worldwide. The studio's first sequel, Despicable Me 2, opened in the United States on July 3, 2013, earning worldwide over $964 million, becoming the second highest-grossing 2013 animated film and breaking a record as the most profitable Universal Studios film in its 100-year history. The spin-off to Despicable Me, titled Minions, was released on July 10, 2015. It has grossed over $1 billion worldwide.

The Secret Life of Pets was released on July 8, 2016. Directed by Chris Renaud and Yarrow Cheney, the film would earn $104 million in its opening weekend, $368 million stateside, and $875 million worldwide. Sing, a comedy written and directed by Garth Jennings, was released on December 21, 2016. It was the first movie for the studio to have a Christmas release. The film would earn $56 million in its first 5 days, grossing $270 million stateside and $634 million worldwide. It also holds the record for the highest grossing film not to ever be at #1 in its run. Despicable Me 3 was released on June 30, 2017, and became the 2nd film to earn $1 billion for the studio, and set a record for the highest theater count ever with 4,536 theaters in its 2nd week. The second film from Illumination based on a Dr. Seuss book, Dr. Seuss' The Grinch, is scheduled for release on November 9, 2018, and is directed by Peter Candeland and Yarrow Cheney from an adaptation by Michael LeSieur. Other future projects are The Secret Life of Pets 2Minions 2, and Sing 2. It will be followed by four more untitled films; the release dates are: July 2, 2021; July 1, 2022; December 21, 2022; and June 30, 2023.

Other films in development include feature adaptations of books such as Ricky Gervais' Flanimals and Dr. Seuss' The Cat in the Hat; a film adaptation based on the short Johnny Express, and Despicable Me 4.

In May 2011, Illumination announced that it would be working with Universal Studios to create Despicable Me: Minion Mayhem, a 3-D ride at Universal Studios in OrlandoHollywood, and Osaka. The ride officially opened on July 2, 2012 in Orlando, Hollywood on April 12, 2014, and Osaka on April 21, 2017.

In November 2017, the Wall Street Journal claimed that Illumination is teaming up with Nintendo to make an animated Mario film. In January 2018, Nintendo President Tatsumi Kimishima stated that, if plans go smoothly, a Mario movie could happen by 2020, and he "hopes for an announcement soon".

Related companies Edit

Illumination has a close relationship with its much-older sister animation studio Gingo Animation, which is owned by the same company that owns Illumination. As a result, they often share common ownership and senior management with each other.

Filmography Edit

Feature films Edit

Released Edit

# Title Release date Budget Box office RT MC
1 Despicable Me July 9, 2010 $70 million $543.1 million 81% 72
2 Hop[S] April 1, 2011 $63 million $184.0 million 25% 41
3 The Lorax March 2, 2012 $70 million $348.8 million 53% 46
4 Despicable Me 2 July 3, 2013 $76 million $970.8 million 73% 62
5 Minions July 10, 2015 $74 million $1.159 billion 56% 56
6 The Secret Life of Pets July 8, 2016 $75 million $875.5 million 74% 61
7 Sing December 21, 2016 $632.2 million 73% 59
8 Despicable Me 3 June 30, 2017 $80 million $1.033 billion 60% 49

Upcoming Edit

Title Release date
Dr. Seuss' The Grinch November 9, 2018
The Secret Life of Pets 2 June 7, 2019
Minions 2 July 3, 2020
Sing 2 December 25, 2020
Untitled films July 2, 2021
July 1, 2022
December 21, 2022
June 30, 2023

In development Edit

Title
Flanimals
Dr. Seuss' The Cat in the Hat
Lockwood & Co.: The Screaming Staircase[S]
Johnny Express
Despicable Me 4
Untitled Mario film
SCombines live-action with animation.

Short films Edit

Title Release date
Home Makeover, Orientation Day, and Banana December 14, 2010
Brad & Gary 2011
Phil's Dance Party March 23, 2012
Despicable Me: Minion Mayhem July 2, 2012
Serenade, Wagon-Ho, and Forces of Nature August 7, 2012
Puppy, Panic in the Mailroom, and Training Wheels December 10, 2013
Cro Minion, Competition, and Binky Nelson Unpacified December 8, 2015
Mower Minions July 8, 2016
Norman Television and Weenie December 6, 2016
Gunter Babysits, Love at First Sight, and Eddie's Life Coach March 21, 2017
The Secret Life of Kyle December 5, 2017

Gallery Edit

Posters Edit

Logos Edit

Trivia Edit

  • Illumination has not yet made a G-rated production, as every one of its feature-length films so far has been rated PG by the MPAA (as of the short film Mower Minions), due to stricter reasons.

See also Edit

External links Edit


v - e - d
NBCUNI Logo
Universal Filmed Entertainment Group
Universal PicturesUniversal Pictures Home EntertainmentUniversal Animation StudiosGingo AnimationGlass Ball ProductionsGingoMotion StudiosIllumination EntertainmentIllumination Mac GuffDreamWorks AnimationFocus FeaturesGramercy PicturesWorking Title FilmsNBCUniversal Entertainment Japan
Television Production
Universal TelevisionUniversal Animation StudiosGingo Television AnimationDreamWorks Animation Television
Former Studios
MCA Inc.Pacific Data ImagesUniversal InteractiveGingo Interactive
Universal Parks & Resorts
Universal Studios HollywoodUniversal Orlando Resort (Universal Studios FloridaIslands of AdventureCityWalk) • Universal Studios JapanUniversal Studios SingaporeUniversal Studios Beijing

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